amber inclusion archive

Paleobotanical Amber

Egg in amber with leaf on amber surface, usually inclusions are most desirable fully inside the amber like the egg in the picture below, many eggs can be found in amber but bird and lizard eggs are more difficult. This piece of amber also has a leaf inclusion on the surface of the amber giving very fine detail of a large leaf. This picture was taken on a Nikon 3D microscope by Malcolm Lambert of the University of New England.

above the egg in the amber there is a leaf imprintegg in amber with leaf on amber surface

Although the leaf on the surface of the amber in the picture below is very beautiful it obscures the eggs in the amber below the leaf. Enough amber had been lost by polishing the piece to its present size so rather than removing the leaf to reveal the eggs more closely the amber was kept with the leaf primarily because there are more eggs and birds in another part of this piece that are more clearly visible. This picture was taken on a Nikon 3D microscope by Malcolm Lambert of the University of New England.

eggs in amber with leaf on amber surface

PLANTAE (6c., 10o., 11f., 16g., 19sp.)

Angiospermae (4o., 4f., 9g., 10sp.)

Cornales (1f., 1g., 1sp.)


Eoëpigynia burmensis Poinar, Chamber & Buckley, 2007

Oxalidales (1f., 1g., 1sp.)


Tropidogyne pikei Chambers, Poinar & Buckley, 2010

Laurales (2f., 3g., 3sp.)


Cascolaurus burmitis Poinar, 2016


Palaeoanthella huangii Poinar & Chambers, 2005

Family incertae sedis

Jamesrosea burmensis Crepet, Nixon, Grimaldi & Riccio, 2016

Poales (1g., 2sp.)

Family incertae sedis

Programinis burmitis Poinar, 2004

Programinis laminatus Poinar, 2004

Order incertae sedis (3g., 3sp.)

Family incertae sedis

Antiquifloris latifibris Poinar, Buckley & Chen, 2016

Lachnociona terriae Poinar, Chambers & Buckley, 2008

Micropetasos burmensis Poinar, Chambers & Wunderlich, 2013

Bell, N.E. & York, P.V. 2007. Vetiplanaxis pyrrhobryoides, a new fossil moss genus and species from Middle Cretaceous Burmese amber. The Bryologist, 110(3), 514-520.

Hedenäs, L., Heinrichs, J. & Schmidt, A.R. 2014. Bryophytes of the Burmese amber forest: Amending and expanding the circumscription of the Cretaceous moss genus Vetiplanaxis. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology, 209, 1-10.

Poinar, G.O.Jr. 2016b (on-line). A mid-Cretaceous Lauraceae flower, Cascolaurus burmitis gen. et sp. nov., in Myanmar amber. Cretaceous Research, 71, 96-101.

Santiago-Blay, J. A., Anderson, S. R. & Buckley, R.T. 2006. Possible implications of two new angiosperm flowers from Burmese amber (Lower Cretaceous) for well-established and diversified insect-plant interactions. Entomological News, 116(5, for 2005): 341-346.

Crepet, W.L., Nixon, K.C., Gimaldi, D. & Riccio, M. 2016. A mosaic Lauralean flower from the Early Cretaceous of Myanmar American Journal of Botany, 103(2), 290-297.

Schneider, H., Schmidt, A.R. & Heinrichs, J. 2016. Burmese amber fossils bridge the gap in the Cretaceous record of polypod ferns. Perspectives in Plant Ecology, Evolution and Systematics, 18, 70-78.

Poinar, G.O.Jr. & Buckley, R. 2008b. Cretacifilix fungiformis gen. and sp. nov., an eupolypod fern (Polypodiales) in Early Cretaceous Burmese amber. Journal of the Botanical Research Institute of Texas, 2(2), 1175-1182.

Poinar, G.O.Jr., Lambert, J.B. & Wu, Y. 2007. Araucarian source of fossiliferous Burmese amber: spectroscopic and anatomical evidence. Journal of the Botanical Research Institute of Texas, 1(1), 449-455.

Poinar, G.O.Jr., Alderman, S. & Wunderlich, J. 2015. One hundred million year old ergot: psychotropic compounds in the Cretaceous? Palaeodiversity, 8, 13-19.

Poinar, G.O.Jr., Alfredo, D. S. & Baseia, I.G. 2014. A gasteroid fungus, Palaeogaster micromorpha gen. & sp. nov. (Boletales) in Cretaceous Myanmar amber. Journal of the Botanical Research Institute of Texas, 8 (1), 139-143.

Hentschel, J., Schmidt, A.R. & Heinrichs, J., 2009. Frullania cretacea, sp. nov. (Porellales,

Jungermanniopsida), a leafy liverwort preserved in Cretaceous amber from Myanmar. Cryptogamie, Bryologie, 30(3), 323–328.

Our taxa list is based on the amazing work of Dr Andrew J. Ross who has prepared a newer updated list and kindly offers it for free download
Amber lovers and Paleos can dig up the latest updated version here: